- Actress Sonali Bendre has been diagnosed with metastatic cancer
- It is a serious form of cancer that can spread to other organs
- Treatment of metastatic cancer includes chemotherapy, radiation and surgery
Yesterday, the Bollywood industry was shocked by the very sad news that actress Sonali Bendre Behl was diagnosed with metastatic cancer. She took to Instagram and Twitter to share a lengthy post telling people how unexpected the onset of the disease in her life was. Here’s what she wrote: “Sometimes, when you least expect it, life throws you a curveball. I was recently diagnosed with a high-grade cancer that has metastasized, which we honestly didn’t see coming. A gnawing pain led to some tests , which led to this unexpected diagnosis. My family and close friends have gathered around me and provided the best support system anyone could ask for. I am very blessed and grateful for each and every one of them. There is no better way to do this than to take prompt and immediate action. And so, as advised by my doctors, I am currently undergoing a course of treatment in New York. We remain optimistic and I am determined to fight every step of the way. What has helped, is the tremendous outpouring of love and support I have received over the past few days for which I am very grateful I am going into this battle knowing that I have the strength of my family and friends behind me b.”
Metastatic cancer can be a serious cancer because it can easily spread from one part of the body to another. Metastasis is the medical term for: cancer that spreads to different parts of the body where it started. The process by which cancer spreads from one part of the body to another is known as a cancer that has metastasized. Metastasis is also known as metastatic cancer and stage 4 cancer. Sometimes metastatic cancer is also referred to as advanced cancer, but this is not true in all situations. A locally advanced cancer is not the same as metastatic cancer, it is the cancer that has spread to nearby tissues or lymph nodes, but not to other parts of the body.
Is metastatic cancer the same type of cancer as before?
Doctors give metastasis the same name as original cancer. For example, a breast cancer that spreads to the liver is called metastatic breast cancer and not liver cancer. This is because the cancer started in breast cancer cells. Although tumors in each of the different locations represent breast cancer, doctors are still trying to figure out how metastatic cancer differs from the original cancer on a molecular or genetic level.
How metastases (plural of metastasis) develop
Metastases usually develop when cancer cells break away from the main tumor and enter the bloodstream of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is responsible for transporting fluids throughout the body. This leads to the cancer cells being able to travel from the original tumor to form new tumors as they establish themselves. They then develop and grow in another part of the body. Sometimes metastases develop when cancer cells from the main tumor, which are usually in the abdominal cavity, break off and seed directly to other areas in the abdominal cavity.
Any cancer can metastasize depending on several factors such as the type of cancer, at what rate it is growing and how long it has been before treatment, etc.
Diagnosis of metastatic cancer
People who have already undergone treatment for metastatic cancer should have regular checkups. Exams and tests should be done regularly to look for evidence of metastases. Some individuals were found to have metastases at the time of diagnosis of their original cancer.
Metastatic cancer may or may not cause symptoms. As in the case of Sonali Bendre, the symptoms of metastatic cancer started with a “gnawing pain”. Sometimes cancer symptoms can also cause shortness of breath. Such symptoms indicate the diagnosis of cancer or the presence of metastases.
Treatment of metastatic cancer
Treatment of metastatic cancer depends on where the cancer originally started, how much it has spread, and where it is currently. A person’s age and health also determine treatment for metastatic cancer.
In most cases, chemotherapy is done to treat metastatic cancer. But if it doesn’t work, a combination of treatments, including radiation, chemotherapy, or even surgery, can be done to remove metastases.
The main treatment for metastatic cancer includes systemic therapy and topical therapy. The systemic therapy includes chemotherapy along with other medications such as hormone therapy, targeted therapy, and biological treatment.
Treatment for the area of the cancer is called local therapy, as part of radiation therapy and surgery.
Where does metastatic cancer develop?
Metastatic cancer usually develops in the brain, lungs, lymph nodes, liver, and bones. Cancer cells can metastasize in the abdominal cavity. This can lead to a build-up of excess fluid in these areas. Sometimes cancer can also spread to the skin, muscles, or other organs throughout the body. For example, breast cancer can spread to bones, lungs, liver, brain and chest wall. Prostate cancer can spread to the bones, lung cancer can spread to the adrenal glands, liver or bones, and colon or rectal cancer can spread to liver or lungs.
Disclaimer: This content, including advice, provides general information only. It is in no way a substitute for a qualified medical opinion. For more information, always consult a specialist or your own doctor. NDTV is not responsible for this information.