Skygazers in just a few places — in parts of Canada, Greenland and northern Russia — will be able to spot this fiery ring, also known as an annular eclipse, according to NASA.
🎬📺 Free Movies and Free TV Shows! 🎭🎬
However, a partial eclipse — when the moon takes a circular “bite” out of the sun — will be visible in more parts of the Northern Hemisphere, including parts of the eastern United States and northern Alaska, much of Canada, and parts of the Caribbean, Europe, Asia and North Africa, NASA reported.
Solar eclipses happen when the moon shoots between the Earth and the sun, blocking some or almost all of the sunlight. During an annular eclipse, the moon is far enough away from Earth to be too small to block out the entire sun. Instead, as the moon slides over the sun, the outer edges of the sun are still visible from Earth as an annulus or ring.
The full annular eclipse will last approximately 100 minutes, beginning at sunrise in Ontario, Canada, and traveling north to the time of the greatest eclipse, around 8:41 a.m. local time in Greenland (6:41 a.m. EDT; 11:41 GMT). 41 UTC in northern Greenland and ending at sunset in northeast Siberia, according to EarthSky. The “ring of fire” phase, when the moon covers 89% of the sun, lasts up to 3 minutes and 51 seconds at any point along this path.
Upcoming regions that don’t fall along the path of the eclipse will see a partial eclipse, weather permitting. In these areas, part of the moon’s outer, lighter shadow, the penumbra, blocks the sun. As the moon passes in front of the sun, it will appear as if this shadow has taken a lavish bite of the bright star. For viewers in the United States, it’s best to watch before, during, and shortly after sunrise, depending on your location, especially if you’re in parts of the Southeast, Northeast, or Midwest, or in northern Alaska, NASA reported. In other words, make sure you have a clear view of the horizon as the sun tries to greet the new day but is partially blocked by the moon.
In New York, for example, the maximum eclipse will occur at 5:32 a.m. EDT, according to Space.com, a sister site to Live Science.
In the UK and Ireland, skywatchers will see up to 38% of the sun blocked during the partial eclipse shortly after 11 a.m. local time, according to the Royal Astronomical Society.
Below NASA video shows the path of the solar eclipse over the earth:
In contrast, the much viewed Great American Solar Eclipse in 2017 there was a total solar eclipse, meaning the moon completely blocked out the sun. Viewers in US states on a trail from Oregon to South Carolina got to see the totality of the eclipse, when the moon completely blocked the sun, allowing people to look up without eye protection. (However, this is only safe during the brief moment when the moon completely blocks the sun.)
Because this week’s eclipse doesn’t include totality, don’t look directly at the eclipse, even if you’re wearing sunglasses. Instead you need special eclipse glasses or other tools, such as a homemade solar eclipse binoculars (here’s a step-by-step guide) or even a spaghetti strainer or colander, which shows the shadow of the partial eclipse as you let the sun shine through the holes and onto the ground or other surface.
If the weather or your location prevents you from seeing the eclipse, you can watch it live on the eclipse starting at 5:30 a.m. EDT (9:30 UTC). Virtual Telescope Project.
If you miss this eclipse, you still have a chance this year. The second and final solar eclipse of 2021 will take place on December 4. While a total eclipse will only be visible from Antarctica, people in southern Africa, including Namibia and South Africa, may glimpse a partial eclipse, according to timeanddate.com.
Editor’s Note: Remember to NEVER look directly at the sun during the majority of an eclipse, or at any other time, without proper protection. Only during the very short period of totality can you safely gaze at the sun with the naked eye, because the moon’s shadow has completely blotted out the light. But at all other times, looking directly at the sun can be harmful to your eyes. You must wear solar eclipse binoculars; sunglasses won’t work. Here is a visual step-by-step guide (and a video) for how to create your own viewers.
If you’re wearing proper eye protection, Live Science will want to publish your eclipse photos, including those with your eclipse binoculars or colanders! Send us an email with the image at: email@example.com. Please include your name, location and a few details about your viewing experience that we can share in the caption.
Originally published on Live Science.